After a long and dramatic presidential race, libertarian candidate Javier Milei triumphed in Argentina’s presidential election on Nov. 19.
Milei promises to abolish the country’s central bank, among a slew of other radical policy changes capturing the attention and imagination of the crypto community.
With 99% of the vote counted on Sunday, Nov. 19, Milei was declared the winner. The flamboyant politician secured the favor of 55% of the electorate, with three million more ballots to his name than rival Sergio Massa.
Fernando Nikolic, an Argentine Bitcoin () advocate and founder of media analyst firm Bitcoin Perception, told Cointelegraph that Milei “has spoken positively about Bitcoin when asked about it in interviews,” but also pointed out that enthusiasm should be tempered by the fact that “passing any sort of law that is considered ‘Bitcoin-friendly’ is not a part of his official program.”
Nikolic added that as an advocate for free market money, Milei is also unlikely to pass any laws that would harm Bitcoin.
Ivan Paz, the CEO of crypto trading platform Trading Different, took a positive view of the election results. According to Paz, Milei’s free market policy agenda is likely to reinvigorate Argentina’s flagging economy.
“Argentina will enter a cycle of accelerated economic recovery, driven by the confidence of local and foreign investors,” Paz told Cointelegraph. “The reduction of the tax burden and the legal guarantee will once again make Argentina an attractive country to project in the long term.”
Many Argentinians now look forward to sweeping reforms. Camilo Jorajuria de Leon, vice-president of Bitcoin Argentina, reminded the incoming president to keep his electoral promises:
“Bitcoin is for monetary freedom, and that was precisely one of the proposals of the president-elect. As Bitcoiners, we hope he fulfills his promise.”
Milei’s first task in office will be taming the nation’s runaway inflation, which hit 143% in October. For comparison, United States inflationat 9.1% in June 2022 and is now 3.2%. With the spending power of the Argentine peso in freefall, it’s little wonder that Argentinians voted for the candidate proposing to cut almost all public expenditure and big government.
The new politics of Argentina
Milei promises to reinvent and reinvigorate Argentina’s economy with a completely new approach. The beliefs that underpin the policy agenda of the libertarian anarcho-capitalist are likely to resonate with many in the crypto community.
His headline policies include “blowing up” the central bank to prevent money printing, ditching the peso in favor of the U.S. dollar and scrapping almost every form of welfare in the country.
The president-elect confirmed his future plan for government departments in a dramatic video circulating on social media.
“Ministry of Sports and Tourism — out!” said Milei. “Ministry of Culture — out! Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development — out!”
In the video, Milei punctuates every cut by tearing the name of the department off a whiteboard and tossing it aside.
Milei on Bitcoin
While President-elect Milei may embody a maverick spirit that appeals to Bitcoiners and the ideological proclivities of the cryptosphere, that is not the same thing as actively supporting it.
The president-elect previously outlined why Bitcoin is useful as a monetary instrument free from state control. In a videoto Reddit’s r/bitcoin 11 months ago, Milei states his position.
“What is the point? The point is that the first thing we have to understand is that the central bank is a scam,”Milei. “It is a mechanism by which politicians cheat the good people with inflationary tax. What Bitcoin is representing is the return of money to its original creator — the private sector.” Milei adds:
“Bitcoin is the natural reaction against central banker scammers and to make the money private again.”
The new president may praise Bitcoin as a financial instrument, but that is somewhat different from what Bitcoin advocates may wish for. Undoubtedly, there are those who hope Argentina will adopt Bitcoin as legal tender.
What Bitcoiners think of Melei
Cointelegraph asked Nikolic what the election of Milei means for cryptocurrency advocates.
“I don’t believe this will drastically alter the current landscape,” Nikolic said. “Argentinians have been embracing Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies for many years. My hope is that, in the long term, Argentina becomes more entrepreneur-friendly, prosperous and free, helping to mend the significant cracks in the country’s foundational structure.”
Nikolic added that the “widespread adoption of Bitcoin across the nation may be slow if 50% of its citizens live below the poverty line and lack an understanding of savings concepts.”
That’s not something that can change overnight. Milei’s policy broader economic policies will need time to bed in.
As for the million-dollar question: “Will Bitcoin become legal tender in Argentina?” Nikolic suggests that legal tender certification may be marginally less important than it seems.
“I’m of the view that adoption is more robust when it emerges organically from the grassroots rather than being imposed top down. I’m hopeful that Bitcoin adoption in Argentina will continue to flourish, especially as the country progresses under Milei’s leadership and its people begin to experience improved living conditions.”
The economics of Argentina
Soaring inflation is not the only problem facing Milei in government. When the president-elect takes office on Dec. 10, he will take the reigns of a country facing a laundry list of economic challenges.
Chief among them is the fact that Argentina is the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) biggest borrower. The country owes the IMF a massive $31 billion.
The body gave the president a nod and a wink as early as Monday. Kristalina Georgieva, managing director of the IMF, was among thoseMilei on his electoral success.
“We look forward to working closely with him,” she added.
Congratulations to President-elect Javier Milei @JMilei. We look forward to working closely with him and his administration in the period ahead to develop and implement a strong plan to safeguard macroeconomic stability and strengthen inclusive growth for all Argentinians.— Kristalina Georgieva (@KGeorgieva) November 20, 2023
Economist Nicolas Litvinoff believes Milei will need to get the IMF monkey off his back as a matter of first priority.
“I think the most important thing is to regain autonomy in terms of monetary policy. On the one hand, to accumulate reserves in the central bank that are practically non-existent now,” said Litvinoff before adding that Milei must “restore the purchasing power of wages to reactivate consumption and the economy[…] but for that, you need the International Monetary Fund out of the way.”
Who is Javier Milei?
Milei first came to prominence as an economist, author and political commentator.
Western media outlets compare Milei to former U.S. President Donald Trump, but the similarities drawn are often shallow. Both men are populists from outside the political mainstream. Both men rode a wave of public disaffection to electoral success. Both men have unconventional hair.
Such comparisons are just as likely to obfuscate as enlighten.
Milei was born in 1970 in Argentina’s capital Buenos Aires. He was raised as a Catholic, which informs his politics to this day. While Milei is mostly socially liberal, he is opposed to both abortion and euthanasia. He supports freedom of choice on drugs, guns, prostitution and same-sex marriage.
In his youth, Milei sang in a Rolling Stones cover band. His presentation style owes much more to the rock world than to the political.
During the campaign, Milei the showman brought a chainsaw to his rallies, frequently revving it up and raising it triumphantly above his head.
For supporters, Milei’s chainsaw was a metaphor for the drastic cuts his administration would take to curb government spending and reign in inflation. For opponents, the chainsaw represented something else: a dangerous and cavalier individual waving around a chainsaw in public.
They dubbed him “El loco” — the crazy one — or madman. That was little matter. Milei’s message and style resonated with voters sick of the status quo, no matter how crazy he seemed to the doubters.
As for his rival Sergio Massa, the chainsaw took on a final, more ominous meaning as Milei cut him down this weekend in a very public chainsaw massacre. Now that Milei has the keys to the president’s office, the clean-up of Argentina’s broken system must begin.